The geography section has twenty datasets allowing a wide set of analysis. By selecting the add/remove button in the top left of your report, you have access to click to add or remove various datasets, categorised according to the type of data they show, from your report. The list of geography datasets can be seen below:


Difference between Patent Families and individual patents, when analysing Geography datasets

We distinguish between patent families (a collection of individual patents covering one invention over many geographical territories) and individual patents (providing patent protection in one geographical area) across the Geography datasets.

We count patents in all applicable routes that a family has taken. Think of Cipher Geography charts and counts, like a trail of breadcrumbs taking into account the title/definition of the chart that you are reviewing.

It is important to mention that our Geography charts, in addition to data on applications and grants in geographical regions and countries, also take into account whether an application has been made via WIPO (PCT) or EPO.

Handy Hint: You may wish to use the territory filter in the top right of your Cipher report to filter out (untick) EPO or WIPO, if your analysis is less about filing routes and more related to enforceable rights i.e. in what country/territory the invention is protected.

EPO - European Patent Office

EPO stands for European Patent Office which is an administrative office providing a uniform application procedure to seek patent protection in up to 40 European countries. The EPO processes applications, and decides on grants (and handles renewal payments), therefore a patent may be counted in the EPO section of the Geography charts as an application OR a grant.

If you choose to file via the EPO, the application will be counted in Cipher in 'EPO', and in each European country. If you file via the EPO, get a grant, and then keep your grant in Germany and France, this will be counted as a grant in EPO, Germany and France. For more information on EPO please click here.

WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO stands for World Intellectual Property Organization which is also an administrative office. It is important to remember that WIPO does not actually grant patents per se, so in the context of the Geography charts here, WIPO counts relate to applications only.

If you file via WIPO, this will be counted as an application in WIPO in the Cipher charts. Once you designate a country after WIPO in which you wish to grant, such as Germany or US, the grant will then be counted in the relevant country or region and no longer in the WIPO category as an application, in the relevant Cipher chart.

Until you designate a country after WIPO in which you wish to grant, in theory you have an application 'everywhere' and in the Cipher Geography charts this is either listed as an application in 'WIPO' or counted under 'Other' depending on the chart you're reviewing. If you do not designate where you would like your WIPO application to be examined, it will lapse/be abandoned. For more information on WIPO please click here.

Further information on this can be found in the individual chart summaries below.

Cipher's Geographical Datasets

Cipher’s geographical data is broken down into datasets providing analysis of:

  • Active Patent Families

  • Patent Families with grants

  • Individual Patent applications

  • Individual Patent grants

  • Applications and Granted patents

  • Patent applications versus Granted patents

Information on patent family and status definitions can be found here.

Geography datasets Descriptions

The analysis you want to undertake, will determine the Geography chart you select. Below is a description of each chart type to help to choose the relevant ones for your analysis:

Geography Charts with a patent family view

Active patent families - by region

Active patent families - by region and organisation

Active patent families - by region and technology

If we focus on the 'Active patent families - by region and organisation' dataset, each family will be counted in each row where there is an application or grant in that region. For example, if an EPO route has been taken, this will be counted as 1 in 'Europe'. If the same family has a grant in the US, this will be counted as 1 in 'North America' also. A family with a WIPO application, will be counted as 1 in 'Other'.

A family will only be counted once per region, so if a family has a grant in EPO, and 10 individual grants in Europe, this will still only be counted once in 'Europe'.

Patent families - by country and priority year

Patent families - by country and publication year

If we focus on the 'Patent families - by country and priority year' dataset, this chart shows the number of granted patent families, split by country, at corresponding priority year. Each family will be counted once in each column where there is a grant in that region. For example, if an EPO route has been taken, this will be counted as 1 in 'EPO'. If that EPO grant has then been kept in Germany and France then this will also be counted as 1 in Germany and 1 in France. If the same family has a grant in the US, this will be counted as 1 in 'United States' also. (WIPO will not show in this chart at all, as WIPO relates only to applications and not grants.)

Patent families with grants - by country

Patent families with grants - by country and organisation

Patent families with grants - by country and technology

If we focus on 'Patent families with grants - by country', this chart shows the number of patent families that have at least one current grant in the respective country. Each family will be counted once in each column where there is a grant in that region. For example, if an EPO route has been taken, this will be counted as 1 in 'EPO'. If that EPO grant has then been kept in Germany and France then this will also be counted as 1 in Germany and 1 in France. If the same family has a grant in the US, this will be counted as 1 in 'United States' also. WIPO will not show in this chart at all, as WIPO relates only to applications and not grants. As the aforementioned chart does not split results by organisation (as the 'by country and organisation' chart does), numbers are aggregated if multiple organisations are selected.

Patent families with grants - by region

Patent families with grants - by region and organisation

Patent families with grants - by region and technology

If we focus on the 'Patent families with grants - by region and technology' dataset, this chart shows the number of patent families that have at least one current grant in the respective region. Each family will be counted once in each row where there is a grant in that region. For example, if an EPO route has been taken, this will be counted as 1 in 'Europe'. A family will only be counted once per region, so if a family has a grant in EPO, and 10 individual grants in Europe, this will still only be counted once in 'Europe'. If the same family has a grant in the US, this will be counted as 1 in 'North America' also.

WIPO will not show in this chart at all, as WIPO relates only to applications, and not grants.

As the aforementioned chart does not split results by organisation (as the 'by region and organisation' chart does), numbers are aggregated if multiple organisations are selected.

Geography Charts with an application view

Applications - by country

Applications - by country and organisation

Applications - by country and technology

If we focus on 'Applications - by country', each family will be counted in each row where there is a current active application in that country. For example, if an EPO route has been taken, this application will be counted as 1 in 'EPO' and also as 1 in every European 'country'. If the same family has an active application in the US, this will be counted as 1 in 'United States' also. A family with a WIPO application, will be counted as 1 in 'WIPO'. If the application has been filed directly to Germany for instance (and not via EPO), this will be counted as 1 in 'Germany' only. As the aforementioned chart does not split results by organisation (as the 'by country and organisation' chart does), numbers are aggregated if multiple organisations are selected.

Geography Charts with an individual patent view

Granted patents - by country

Granted patents - by country and organisation

Granted patents - by country and technology

If we focus on the 'Granted patents - by country and organisation' dataset, this chart counts each individual granted patent, per country. Each patent will be counted in each row where there is grant in that country. It is worth noting here that a patent family may have more than one granted patent for a given country. Each of these grants are counted in this chart.

For example, if a family has two granted patents in the US this will count as 2 in 'United States'. Similar to the other Geography charts, if an EPO route has been taken and granted, this will be counted as 1 in 'EPO'. If that EPO grant has then been kept in Germany and France then this will also be counted as 1 in Germany and 1 in France also.

WIPO will not show in this chart at all, as WIPO relates only to applications, and not grants.

Geography Charts with a combination of application and granted view

Applications and granted patents - by country and organisation

Applications and granted patents - by country and technology

Applications versus granted patents - by country

If we focus on the 'Applications and granted patents - by country and organisation' chart, each live application and granted patent is counted, taking into account all applicable routes.

If an application is made direct to a country, for example a US application, this would be counted as 1 in 'United States'.

Similar to the other Geography charts, if an EPO route has been taken, this will be counted as 1 in 'EPO' and 1 in every European country too if at application stage. If that EPO then grants and has been kept in Germany and France, then this will then be counted as 1 in Germany, 1 in France, and 1 in EPO.

Cipher will count every WIPO application as 1 in 'WIPO'. Once you designate where you would like your WIPO application to be examined, then it will be counted as an application or subsequent grant in that country/region of your Geography chart.

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